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Proposed Network Designs / Re: Just starting out
« Last post by Home Network Guy on July 19, 2021, 09:28:29 PM »
Thanks for sharing your proposed design! Once you can post a diagram that will be helpful in visualizing how the network is laid out.

It sounds like you are planning to connect 3 different switches — one to each port of your modem/router. How are you planning to do that? You mentioned you have cables ran so are you running 3 different cables to 3 different locations with a switch at each location?

While that will work, alternatively you could buy one larger switch (16 or 24 port), connect one cable to the switch from the modem/router and then connecting all your devices to that large switch. Of course that requires you to have more cables ran to the location of your switch. If you only have a couple Ethernet drops ran and it’s too hard to run more, putting a switch at location is not necessarily a bad idea for a small, basic home network. Keep in mind that you will be sharing bandwidth if you put a switch at each location if you have multiple devices transmitting/receiving a lot of data.

If you want to separate your IoT or guest devices, you may want to get managed switches. It adds more complexity but it’s nice to have for improved security. However you would need a router that supports VLANs. The Internet Service Provider’s modem/router is not likely to support that type of more advanced functionality. It depends on how deep you want to jump into when creating your home network.
Proposed Network Designs / Just starting out
« Last post by Alextee on July 17, 2021, 03:40:16 PM »
Hi all

Came across the Website and forum looking to set up a more efficient home network which I think is going to challenge me technically. So once I have my head around it, it would be great to share and get feedback on how messy it is.

To help discussions my planned set up will probably be mainly cat6 and wireless but I need to configure it more efficiently so here we go.

Proposed top level is as follows

ONT>modem/wifi router 3 Ethernet ports

One Direct connect to a TLink 8 port Ethernet switch next modem which feeds a NAS, TV, satellite TV box,Apple TV, AV reciever, blu ray!
One direct connect to another TLink 8 port Ethernet switch which feeds home printer, NAS backup, time machine, Mac running OSX and Windows, Work PC running windows
One direct connect to a TLink 4 port Ethernet switch which feeds another Apple TV ,TV and Bluray

Wireless connects various devices phones etc . I also use a system called serato music on the wireless to look up the NAS drive which holds digital music which feeds music on my macs.

Cables are in so Once I’ve sketched it all out properly I  will post.


Topic Suggestions / Re: OpnSense Howto Updates?
« Last post by Home Network Guy on June 11, 2021, 04:23:01 PM »
Thanks for the suggestion! The default direction is "in" for firewall rules and is what most users will want to use because it processes more efficiently and is likely easier to think about how to write the rules. When I specify settings for the rules, I usually leave out the values that should be left at the default (so I don't have to list 50 data elements and their values). However, I could make mention that you should usually leave that at the default.

I have been slowly working through my old guides and updating them. I've updated the following guides in the last few months: firewall rule cheat sheet, the Sensei Free vs. Home Edition comparison, how to configure WireGuard, and redirecting local DNS requests. Next on my list to update is the intrusion detection how-to since I know it's out of date. I'm trying to mix in new content in between updating the old content.
How-to Discussions / Re: VLAN DHCP In OPNSense?
« Last post by Ruok2bu on June 09, 2021, 11:26:06 PM »
I couldnt get OpnSense to work, even when matching the VLAN ids. So i gave up and bought another Sonicwall (Sonicwall SOHO 250).

Thanks for the help though!
How-to Discussions / Re: VLAN DHCP In OPNSense?
« Last post by Home Network Guy on June 01, 2021, 07:30:52 PM »
It looks like from the screenshot that you didn’t create the same VLANs on your network switch. The VLAN IDs you defined in OPNsense needs to match the VLAN IDs on your switch. You need to make sure you have the proper ports selected as tagged and untagged ports for each VLAN you create. It’s not a bad idea to configure your OPNsense/network switch from the default VLAN so you don’t lose access to the web interfaces.
How-to Discussions / Re: VLAN DHCP In OPNSense?
« Last post by Ruok2bu on May 30, 2021, 05:57:38 PM »
HNG, i need your help :(

I followed all the instructions in:


Created the VLAN interfaces (i have 7), enabled DHCP for each of them in a different range, added the firewall rules to access internet (the current version of OpnSense auto adds the DHCP firewall rules).

But when i enable 802.1Q VLAN on the smart switch, my computer fails to get an IP address.

I was told by a friend that i should set VLAN 1 to untagged and the rest to tagged but that doesnt fix it. Find attached what the switch page looks like.
Topic Suggestions / OpnSense Howto Updates?
« Last post by Ruok2bu on May 28, 2021, 05:09:00 PM »
A lot of the guides are referring to functions that have been changed in newest version of OpnSense and its confusing to follow them as a newbie.

For example, the rules dont specify if IN or OUT should be used for direction.

Can you update them?
Troubleshooting / Re: Opnsense content filtering
« Last post by Home Network Guy on May 28, 2021, 12:38:16 PM »
Yeah the documentation is lacking for several things. That is one thing that inspired me to create my site. Not just for OPNsense but for other more advanced home networking topics.
Troubleshooting / Re: Opnsense content filtering
« Last post by ejayb9 on May 28, 2021, 12:09:12 PM »
Thanks for the reply.
Yes, I used a combination of the Opnsense documentation with 2 Youtube videos

The first is for pfSense but combined with the other 2 sources it helps to fill in the blanks.

Wish there was more documentation and examples.
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